Discover the history of settlement in SON Traditional Territory.


Saugeen Treaty No. 45 ½
Negotiated with the Crown SON agreed to open up 1.5 million acres of land for settlement in exchange for economic assistance and protection from settler encroachment “…upon which proper houses shall be built for you, and proper assistance given to enable you to become civilized and to cultivate land, which you Great Father engages for ever to protect for you from the encroachments of the whites.”

Saugeen Peninsula Treaty No. 72
Negotiated with the Crown Interpreted by settler governments as the surrender of the Saugeen Peninsula in exchange for reserves - certain tracts of land set aside - and proceeds from the sale of the land “…agreed that it will be highly desirable for us to make a full and complete surrender unto the Crown of that Peninsula known as the Saugeen and Owen Sound Indian Reserve, subject to certain restrictions and reservations to be hereinafter set forth.”

Treaty 72 Claim
Argues that Treaty 72 is not equitably valid, Crown breached its duty to “for ever to protect for you from the encroachments of the whites.”

Aboriginal Title Claim
Claiming Aboriginal title to parts of Lake Huron and Georgian Bay waterbeds.

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